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Economic Comparison and Group Identity: Lessons from India

Abstract : The caste system has framed a large part of the recent Indian history. Clear tensions between different castes, as well as low-castes' demands for positive discriminations, have played a central role in India's political and social life. We focus here on the intensity of economic comparison within the caste, and between castes. Our underlying goal is to reach a better understanding of this caste interplay. Relying on an happiness panel data set, we find that economic comparison inside the caste affects well-being negatively. Very interestingly, comparison between "rival" castes is found to decrease well-being even more. This latter finding is consistent with the caste struggles we observe.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal-pjse.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00711212
Contributor : Xavier Fontaine <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 22, 2012 - 4:38:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:49 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, September 23, 2012 - 2:41:45 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00711212, version 1

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Xavier Fontaine, Katsunori Yamada. Economic Comparison and Group Identity: Lessons from India. 2012. ⟨hal-00711212v1⟩

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