Malaria Control and Infant Mortality in Africa

Abstract : Have malaria control efforts contributed to the reduction in infant mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa over the past 15 years? Using large household surveys collected in 19 countries between 2000 and 2015, we estimate the correlation between the distribution of bednets and the progress in child survival. We find that the large increase in bednets ownership observed between 2000 and 2015 is associated with a decrease in infant mortality by 1.3pp, which amounts to one third of the total decrease in infant mortality over the period. We further discuss to which extent this correlation might be interpreted as a causal impact.
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Denis Cogneau, Pauline Rossi. Malaria Control and Infant Mortality in Africa. 2017. ⟨hal-01543033⟩

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