Démocratisation de l'enseignement secondaire et inégalités salariales en France

Abstract : During the 1960's, lower secondary education was unified in France and, between 1985 and 1995, access to upper secondary education was significantly enlarged: these have been times of a fast reduction in the schooling gap between an elite children who accessed the most prestigious tracks of higher education and the large majority who, right after World War II, would hardly receive more than primary education. We show that these periods of schooling expansion have come along with significant reduction in wage inequalities within the age classes concerned with those reforms. Progressively increasing schooling attendance of the 95 % population that cannot access the grandes écoles elite system has indeed resulted in better relative wages for them. Enlarging access to education raises many difficulties in the short term. It has less directly observable effects in the long run, but still very positive ones for their beneficiaries.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2012 - 8:44:33 AM
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Marc Gurgand, Eric Maurin. Démocratisation de l'enseignement secondaire et inégalités salariales en France. Annales. Histoire, Sciences sociales, Armand Colin, 2006, 61 (4), pp.845-859. ⟨halshs-00754130⟩

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