Long run health impacts of income shocks: Wine and phylloxera in 19th century France

Abstract : Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed 40% of French vineyards. Using the regional variation in the timing of this shock, we identify and examine the effects on adult height, health, and life expectancy of children born in the years and regions affected by the phylloxera. The shock decreased long-run height, but it did not affect other dimensions of health, including life expectancy. We find that those born in affected regions were about 1.8 millimeters shorter than others at age 20, a significant effect since average heights grew by only 2 centimeters in the entire nineteenth century.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2012 - 9:38:48 AM
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Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Gilles Postel-Vinay, Tim Watts. Long run health impacts of income shocks: Wine and phylloxera in 19th century France. Review of Economics and Statistics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press), 2010, 92 (4), pp.714-728. ⟨10.1162/REST_a_00024⟩. ⟨halshs-00754416⟩

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