Credit Constraints and the Cyclicality of R&D Investment: Evidence from Micro Panel data

Abstract : We use a French firm-level data set containing 13,000 firms over the period 1994-2004 to analyze the relationship between credit constraints and firms' R&D behavior over the business cycle. Our main results can be summarized as follows: (i) R&D investment is countercyclical without credit constraints, but it becomes procyclical as firms face tighter credit constraints; (ii) this result is only observed for firms in sectors that depend more heavily upon external finance, or that are characterized by a low degree of asset tangibility; (iii) in more credit-constrained firms, R&D investment plummets during recessions but does not increase proportionally during upturns.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2012 - 9:55:39 AM
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Philippe Aghion, Philippe Askenazy, Nicolas Berman, Gilberte Cette, Laurent Eymard. Credit Constraints and the Cyclicality of R&D Investment: Evidence from Micro Panel data. Journal of the European Economic Association, Wiley, 2012, 10 (5), pp.1001-1024. ⟨10.1111/j.1542-4774.2012.01093.x⟩. ⟨halshs-00754573⟩

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