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, For this, I use a penalization for the contribution period of 8.7%, which is based on the average penalization for self-employed workers observed in MCVL 2005. The 1997 pension reform was approved in August 1997, so I provide the MIRR for the contributions at the beginning of the year, when contributions are decided, Notes: This table shows the average MIRR for male self-employed workers by age between, pp.993-1008, 1994.
, Notes: This table shows the sample size of each year of age between 40 and 52 years and year block between 1994 and 2002 in the selected sample in this study. This consists of males with Spanish nationality who continuously work as self-employed between 1994 and 2002. This also includes the self-employed who left self-employment to claim a retirement pension, 2005.
Number of observations by age and year in the selected sample. MCVL wave, vol.2, pp.953-13104, 2007. ,
, Notes: This table shows the sample size of each year of age between 40 and 52 years and year block between 1994 and 2002 using the same criteria for sample selection as in this study, using the 2007 round of MCVL instead of the 2005 round. This consists of males with Spanish nationality who continuously work as self-employed between 1994 and 2002. This also includes the self-employed who left self-employment to claim a retirement pension, 2007.