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Payroll Tax Reductions for Minimum Wage Workers: Relative Labor Cost or Cash Windfall Effects?

Abstract : This paper uses administrative employer-employee data to uncover the effects of a large payroll tax reduction for minimum-wage workers in France in the 1990s. Exploiting the change in labor costs both at the job level and at the firm level, I find that the number of minimum-wage jobs increases but that these additionnal jobs stem exclusively from firms which had previously very few, or none, minimum wage workers. On the contrary, firms which already employed workers at minimum-wage levels, and thus benefit ex ante from a cash windfall, increase employment irrespective of wage levels. Overall, these results suggest that targeting cash-contrained firms, and not only groups of workers, is key for employment growth.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03010943
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 9:46:06 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 3:28:06 AM

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Sophie Cottet. Payroll Tax Reductions for Minimum Wage Workers: Relative Labor Cost or Cash Windfall Effects?. 2020. ⟨halshs-03010943⟩

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